One common question for new horse owners is how to know if your horse’s shoes fit correctly – or, alternately, sometimes people ask “what size shoes”their horse might need. These questions might raise eyebrows to experienced horse people, but for those new to the world of horsemanship they make lots of sense: most things we purchase are purchased by size, and when it comes to buying shoes for humans, getting the right size for a human foot is a really big deal. Thankfully, for horses, shoes are generally custom fit by a professional called a farrier- a farrier is a trained professional who trims and shapes horses’ hooves and, with some exception for horses that don’t wear shoes, then fits them with the perfect size horseshoe.
What do I do if I suspect my horse is wearing the wrong size shoe?
If your horse is wearing the wrong size shoe, you will probably know it. A correctly fit horseshoe is shaped to the shape of the horse’s hoof. Signs the horse shoe does fit include:
- The horse should not appear to be standing up on a platform,
- It should not appear that edges of the hoof are hanging over the edge of the metal horseshoe.
- You should not be able to see the edge of the metal horseshoe extending past the edge of the horse’s hoof (in this case, your horse is likely to “pull” this poorly fit shoe quickly, by stepping on the extended portion of the shoe with another hoof).
- Another clue that your horse may be wearing the wrong size shoe is a horse that begins moving uncomfortably either immediately after or a day or two after a new pair of shoes are put on. While some soreness immediately after trimming is not a cause for alarm, outright lameness or tenderness that persists are red flags that the shoes may not be properly fit.
The back of the shoe may stick out slightly from the heel, this is an acceptable practice for farriers and can help correct movement or help prevent shoes from being pulled.
If you see any of these signs that your horse’s shoes are not fit correctly, contact your farrier, an alternate farrier, or your veterinarian.
Does my horse need shoes?
It’s important to remember that not all horses need shoes. Maintenance of “barefoot” horses is growing in popularity, and with it the number of farriers who are trained to be able to trim hooves in such a way that the horse is able to be in regular work without needing the support of metal horseshoes. There are also increasing options for temporary horseshoes – hoof boots – that can be put on just before writing to offer a horse extra support.
Whether your horse needs shoes or is able to go barefoot is highly individual to your particular horse, and something only your farrier and vet can determine
During the shoe fitting, your farrier will typically
- Evaluate your horse and how the previous set of shoes have worn – as this can provide important information on your horses stride and how they are wearing their shoes.
- Remove the existing shoes and trim the hooves back (horse hooves grows similarly to fingernails – hard keratinous outsides with live and highly sensitive flesh underneath.)
- Next, your farrier will choose from their supplies on hand a set of shoes that are roughly sized appropriately to your horse. The farrier will then work with both hoof and shoe to create a comfortable fit. In the case of “hot shoeing” the farrier will heat the horseshoe, reshape it as needed, and then press it while still hot on to the horses hoof creating a glove-like fit as bits of the hard outer surface of the hoof are melted back.