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Teaching a horse to fetch a ball, a hat, or any object- is not that difficult. With frequent, short sessions you can have your horse picking up and retrieving items in a matter of days. In this article, we’ll use a clicker & treat as the behavior reinforcement method. You can have success training with reward alone, but the clicker will speed up training significantly by allowing you to “mark” the exact behavior you are rewarding.
Teaching dogs to fetch is easy. You just throw a ball, and they, often as not, return it right to your hand. With horses, who lack this particular instinct, we turn it around a little: Instead of beginning at the beginning- fetching or picking up an item, we’ll begin at the end- putting the object in your hands.
If your long-term goal is teaching your horse to pick up or fetch something, begin by teaching them to “give” something. Once the horse understands the reward is earned by giving you the object, they’ll train themselves to retrieve any object in order to give it to you.
Step By Step Instructions:
Begin by standing with your horse and your chosen “fetch” object- I start teaching this trick with a dog-sized Jolly Ball (I prefer the smaller size as it is easy to hold in one hand and light weight). Whatever object you choose, be sure to store it between training sessions. This helps keep the object interesting and attention-catching for your horse.
To train, we’ll first break the trick into several smaller tricks:
Goal 1: lipping and mouthing the most accessible surface of your object. In the case of the jolly ball, when the horse shows interest and lips at the handle, click and offer a treat. After the horse is comfortable lipping, offer the object in the same way but withhold the click and reward until horse opens their mouth and bites down on the handle.
Goal 2: Holding the Object. When the horse is biting down comfortably on the object in your hand, begin waiting for longer periods of biting before you praise. Try removing your supportive hand so they bear the weight of the ball. Click and reward if they hold the object. Praise strongly if the horse tries lifting or snatching object on their own, but do not reward if they drop the ball anywhere other than back into your hands.
Goal 3. Dropping Object in your Hands. When the horse is confidently biting down and holding the weight the of object in their mouth, start withholding praise until the horse drops the object back into your hands. At this point, the horse should be chaining behaviors and understanding the action for which they earn a treat is “bite, hold, drop into hands.” Remember to keep training sessions short! 5-7 minutes is an ideal training session length when trick training a horse.
Goal 4. Solidifying Earlier Steps + Complications. After the last step is solid, begin manipulating the object and holding it in different places. If you were holding the object/ball at chest height for the horse to snatch, begin offering a different side of the ball, or holding the object above your head or by your knee. Always withhold praise until the horse has taken the object, held, and dropped into your hands back in the normal position. If they drop the jolly ball during the trick, just quietly pick up and hold, inviting the horse to start again.
Goal 5. Place Object Farther away and Add Retrieving. Gradually move the object farther and farther from yourself. At first, this may mean setting the object next to your shoe, then 1 foot to the left, then 3 feet to the left, etc. Eventually, you should be able to increase the distance until you are able to toss the object and the horse returns it to your hands.
Remember that teaching a horse to pick up a hat or any object is a complex trick that needs to be taught over many sessions, but it’s a basic chain of easily-trained behaviors. With patience (and a small investment in a clicker) any horse can be taught to fetch, or to learn the classic rodeo trick of returning a dropped cowboy hat.
Horses lose interest in this sort of training quickly, so the best results will be achieved through 5 minutes 5 days a week rather than 30 minutes once a week.